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Thursday, January 31, 2013

Sow What, Sow When?


The Garden Planting Calendar
Your vegetable planning guide for
Peoria, IL
Your frost-free growing season lasts 178 days. On average, your frost-free growing season starts Apr 19 and ends Oct 14.

Your planting strategy:
Cole crops like broccoli, cauliflower, and cabbage can be direct seeded into your garden around March 8, assuming the ground can be worked, but it's better to start them indoors around February 9 and then transplant them into the garden around March 30. Do the same with lettuce and spinach.
Plant onion starts and potatoes around February 19. Sow the seeds of peas (sugar snap and english) at the same time. If the ground is still frozen, then plant these as soon as the ground thaws.
Do you want to grow tomatoes, peppers, and eggplants? Start these indoors around February 9. Then, around April 15 you should start watching the weather forecast and, as soon as no frost is forecast, go ahead and transplant those into the ground.
Now, for all the summer vegetables like beans, cowpeas, corn, squashes, pumpkins, cucumbers, watermelons, gourds and sunflowers, you should plant those seeds directly into the ground around April 19.
How accurate is all this? For nearly all locations, we are confident in the dates. There are, however, some difficult areas of the world that don't match up perfectly with the dates we have given. For that reason, we recommend you use this guide as a very good starting place, but don't interpret the dates as absolutely perfect for every location.
Okay, now here are the cold, hard numbers, along with specific plants:
Crop
Start seeds indoors
Transplant seedlings into the garden
Direct sow seeds
Jan 26 - Feb 17
Apr 19 - May 3


Mar 5 - Mar 20



Apr 19 - May 17


Feb 23 - Mar 8
Feb 9 - Feb 23
Mar 22 - Apr 5

Feb 9 - Feb 23
Mar 22 - Apr 5

Feb 9 - Feb 23
Mar 22 - Apr 5



Apr 5 - Apr 19


Mar 8 - Apr 5
Feb 9 - Feb 23
Mar 22 - Apr 5



Mar 8 - Mar 22
Feb 9 - Feb 23
Mar 22 - Apr 5



Apr 19 - May 3


Apr 19 - May 3
Feb 9 - Feb 23
Apr 19 - May 3



Apr 19 - May 3
Feb 9 - Feb 23
Mar 22 - Apr 5

Feb 9 - Feb 23
Mar 22 - Apr 5

Feb 9 - Feb 23
Mar 8 - Apr 5
Mar 8 - Apr 5
Feb 9 - Feb 23
Mar 22 - Apr 5



Apr 19 - May 3
Feb 2 - Feb 9
Feb 19 - Mar 20



Feb 19 - Mar 20


Apr 19 - May 17


Feb 19 - Mar 20
Feb 9 - Feb 23
Apr 19 - May 3



Feb 19 - Mar 20


Mar 5 - May 3
Feb 9 - Feb 23
Mar 22 - Apr 5
Mar 5 - Apr 5

Mar 29 - Apr 12

Feb 9 - Feb 23
Apr 19 - May 3



Apr 19 - May 3